Design and construction of terraces - Reservoirs.

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  • Reservoirs.

    Before you begin to build a terrace near the pond, you need to know some aspects, so that you get hassle from the established maximum pleasure. For the reservoir should choose the lowest place, if one exists.

    Design and construction of terraces - Reservoirs



    Aquatic plants grow and reproduce only on sunny dreams. Ideally, the pond will be covered the sun for at least six hours a day. However, at noon, he should be in the shade so the water is not overheated.

    For animals living in the pond, you need a constant climate, so the reservoir must be protected from the winds, especially in northern and western sides. If it is near a fence or a wall, sit between them at least half a meter strip of perennial ornamentals. And if you have on the terrace will be kids, make sure that the pond has become for them a completely safe place.

    The shape and size of pond you have, of course, will choose their own taste. However, note that what it is, the will of optimizing the conditions for a variety of plants. To establish a multi-faceted with different depths biotype need at least 6 meters

    But whatever the size of the pond, it is a hydraulic structure to a greater or lesser difficulty, and should take into account the technical side. In the modern practice of building a garden, there are two basic principles to create reservoirs - with hard or soft proofing.

    Design and construction of terraces - Reservoirs



    But the choice of the construction of the reservoir occurs only after a determined its location, size and contour, the number and types of plants that are supposed to be placed in the water and the coastal zone.

    The next challenge - to calculate the parameters of the elements of the coastal zone, alpine slides, recreation areas, benches and bridges. Specifying the size of the reservoir, the weight load on the coastal zone and picked up materials for the registration of the coast (sand, pebbles, boulders), we come to the choice of the construction of the reservoir.

    Now we need to determine the volume of construction: the soil to be dug and removed from the territory area, sand for backfilling foundation stones and pebbles for decoration banks and bottom.

    It is also important technical equipment: the amount of water involved in the exchange, the type of pump, the height of drop of water, the pipeline filling and draining of the reservoir, the types of lighting systems and power supply. The best known way to strengthen the bottom and sides of the reservoir - clay.

    Design and construction of terraces - Reservoirs



    The clay is soaked in water until soft dough state, causing a 15-cm layer at the surface to be protected, and tamped, and so - several layers, and then - gravel and sand. This simple, manufacturable and relatively cheap method is used when constructing water depth of 2-3 m and the water surface area of ​​more than 20-30 m

    But the clay banks are a danger, because the clay glides under the legs. Another popular type of pond building - rubber film. It is produced in rolls with a thickness of 0.5 to 1.5 mm, a width of 2-8 m and a length of 50 m it is resistant to ultraviolet rays and low temperatures, shifts welding and bonding seams and simple to operate.

    To create a pond dug pit with a bottom surface and shores are removed stones and roots, then the pit is filled with sand, laying a protective layer of geotextile, and on top of it - the film. It fits loosely over the entire surface, without the tensions and angles.

    The internal volume is filled with water, then cut the excess film around the edges and draped in the coastal slope with stones and sand. The edge of the film is located at 5-10 cm above water level, which prevents the transfer of moisture in one direction or another.

    Design and construction of terraces - Reservoirs



    Decorative pond with a flexible insulation is filled with lush vegetation. However, due to the low mechanical strength and weakness of the film waterfront charm can vanish in an instant. Mouse progryzet film, it falls on a twig of the tree, dog or other four-legged friend scratch on her feet - enough to break the seal coating.

    Unreliability of the edges of the coast may occur in the rainy season when the soil raskisnet. So careless step on the beach or in the soil erosion gully lead to violation of the shoreline and water loss or contamination of reservoir water outside. Therefore, the edge of the pond should be strengthened stone - fieldstone riprap or gravel.

    You can strengthen the body of water and ready forms of glass. With their help, created ponds with a rigid waterproofing, and they do not have the above-mentioned drawbacks. They are applicable when the configuration of the reservoir has no value or less than 4.5 square meters Their lifespan is 10-20 years. These forms are not afraid of sunlight and frost.

    In such cases, the pit dug on the contour of the finished, tamped ground, put a sandy base, horizontally mounted on its shape, covered with sand the space between the shape and the walls of the pit. After this colorfully decorate the coastal zone.

     









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