The main elements of landscaping garden - Hedges.

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  • Hedges.

    Hedges are an integral part of gardening terraces. They can hide from view terrace and prevent penetration into the recreation area of ​​wind, noise and dust. Hedges are used as the background for many herbaceous plants.

    The main elements of landscaping garden - Hedges

    These goals can successfully serve as a hedge, grown both in the natural and the artificial form created by special techniques. Height hedges are classified into three types: curbs (up to 1.0 m), in fact hedges (1.0-3.0 m) and living walls (more than 3.0 m).

    Molded (or molded) arrange hedges of trees and shrubs respond well to shearing, forming a dense crown, excessive branching and leafy. Such hedges are grown from the evergreen (boxwood, holly, yew) or deciduous (beech, hawthorn, hornbeam) plants.

    Decorative value of the hedge depends on the thoroughness of the implementation of the system formation. We can not allow too rapid plant growth in height. The first thing to worry about creating a fairly dense canopy of branches and leaves at the bottom of the fence.

    The main elements of landscaping garden - Hedges

    The plants in hedges should have a sufficient number of leafy branches throughout their height, from base to top, and it is desirable to have molded tops of the hedges were narrower than the bottom. This form will provide them greater resistance to wind and simultaneously increase the strength of the plants.

    Within two to three years after planting hedges are usually well filled from top to bottom branches. Since that time, they can only grow up, and maintain the desired shape and form by limiting the growth side. Some plants with a strong need haircuts, while others - weak.

    Many plants require two haircuts for the season: the first - in July or August, the second - from October to March. Rising to the side branches are cut much, and growing up - is weak. When the hedge reaches the desired height, the upper part is also subjected to severe pruning.

    This group includes some of the barberries, beech, all kinds and varieties of cotoneaster, some cypress, euonymus Japanese, junipers, pirokanta, rosemary, snowberry, tamarisk, all kinds of arborvitae, yews.

    The main elements of landscaping garden - Hedges

    Trellis fence.

    Through the next set trellis fence - a wooden lattice in the form of large diamonds. Along the trellis at a distance of 20 cm from each other are planted plants that can easily grow together with the branches (hawthorn, acacia).

    A year later, the plants are cut, leaving two strong shoots. They were tied up, pre-cut the crust in areas of contact, so that the branches grow together more quickly. A few years later obtained a beautiful and sturdy fence of green diamonds.

    Mobile hedges.

    This version of the trellis fence, which can be moved. They decided to decorate the terraces and paved areas. Mobile hedges - a box with podroschennymi and professionally manicured plants. They are screen-wings, 1.5-2 m tall They can be put on the rollers to move easily from place to place.


    This type of hedge is suitable for processing in the agricultural terraces of the spirit. Make a simple fence. In early spring willow cuttings should be cut a length of 1.5-2m, and setting them crosswise into moist soil, erecting a fence. Soon after the cuttings take root, and the fence zazeleneet.


    The low green fence, which is formed from gustovetvistyh, slow-growing species. Borders - provide a wonderful age patterns in the flower beds. They are planted along the borders of the terraces, it is also possible to use the lanes for processing.

    Borders can be molded (boxwood, euonymus Japanese honeysuckle, and some others), and svobodnorastuschie (Magone, japonica, polyanthus roses, spiraea Japanese, Erica, Heather, etc.).

    Svobodnorastuschie hedges.

    The main elements of landscaping garden - Hedges

    They are satisfied if there is enough space in the garden when the plants provide the freedom to grow and blossom. As for growing hedges formed svobodnorastuschie landing heavily pruned to in the first season to get them to grow in the form of a bush.

    Before the creation of such a fence is necessary to collect all the information about the rocks, from which it is planned to form a reaction of plants to adverse environmental conditions - this factor should be one of the first places.

    Compatibility of plants plays an important role. Plot terrace where you plan to create a hedge should be deprived of trees which, over time, growing, start block the sun.

    Hedges also differ on the number of levels: single-stage and multistage landing. For devices stacked tall plants are planted in the center and the edges have a lower rungs.


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